Asset ID: 40038
|‘chapter i soldier settlement l9l5—l938|
(i) the concept of soldier settlement
the impetus behind soldier settlement
the momentum behind soldier settlement emerged on a
wave of patriotism. those willing to[...]crifices they
the actual concepts of soldier settlement embraced
two distinct notions : that of compensation and repatriation,
and the notion that soldier settlement would be a profit-
able experiment. the states believed that soldier settle-
ment would 'enable the opening up of the[...]they had already tried to initiate through closer settlement.
soldier settlement legislation adopted and augmented the
basic principles of closer settlement.
the concept of closer settlement embraced a long
established social and pol[...]
Asset ID: 40039
|estates. closer settlement in both states, south australia|
and victoria,had developed along similar lines. closer
settlement in victoria had evolved with the formation of
the closer settlement branch, under the land act,1898.3'
the basic prov[...]land by the government for the purpose of closer
settlement. the basic principles envisaged in the leg-
islat[...]ution of 1and,was a
well established procedure.
soldier settlement transposed closer settlement leg-
islation for its own requirements; the settlement of soldiers.
yet the adaptation of the closer settlement system, by
both states, is ironic. the closer settlement scheme had
resulted in failure in both south aus[...]progress report of the royal
commission on closer settlement. pp.45
5. these were passed in 190l,'04,'[...]
Asset ID: 40040
yet it was to be the foundation for soldier settlement.
victoria's experience had resulted in dismal fai[...]quiring into the situation reported:
"our closer settlement policy has been rotten to the core.”
it had ru[...]additional report into the working of the closer
due to.various factors the scheme was a r[...]n them, how can the government expect ret-
settlement was to succeed it would obviously require a
drastic transformation of the closer settlement legislation.l2'
8. v.p.d. l9 sep.l9l6 vol[...]
Asset ID: 40041
|provision for soldier settlement|
in 1916, an attempt was made by the comonwealth
to ascertain an estimate of the number of soldiers who
proposed to take advantage of the scheme. un[...]ect-
ive of the defence department, each enlisted soldier
received an ‘employment census card’, whereby[...]icate his preference with regard to employment or
settlement on the land.
yet this procedure did not obviate[...]e comonwealth
government estimated ten percent of soldiers returning,
would wish to settle on the la[...]
Asset ID: 40042
|[...]ot only did the states miscalculate|
the number of soldiers to be settled, but the speed of
return of soldiers; it was estimated that the majority
would not re[...]ad returned by late 1919.
the underestimation of soldiers desiring land had
further ramification: the inad[...]llion pounds.18'inadequate
provision of land for soldier settlement would be a major
contributing factor in t[...]